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SAP HANA (High-performance Analytics Appliance)

SAP HANA is an in-memory, column-oriented, relational database management system developed and marketed by SAP. HANA’s architecture is designed to handle both high transaction rates and complex query processing on the same platform.[3] SAP HANA was previously called SAP High-Performance Analytic Appliance.[4]

In addition to the database engine, HANA includes an embedded web server and version control repository that can be used for application development. HANA applications can be created using server-side JavaScript and HTML.

SAP HANA developed or acquired technologies, including TREX search engine -an in-memory column-oriented search engine-, P*TIME -an in-memory OLTP database acquired by SAP in 2005-, and MaxDB with its in-memory liveCache engine.[5][6] In 2008, teams from SAP SE working with Hasso Plattner Institute and Stanford University demonstrated an application architecture for real-time analytics and aggregation, mentioned as “HAsso’s New Architecture” in SAP executive Vishal Sikka’s blog. Before the name “HANA” stabilised, people referred to this product as “New Database”.[7]

The product provides Business Intelligence allowing real-time response.[8] The first product shipped in late November 2010.[6][9] By mid-2011, the technology had attracted interest but the conservative business customers still considered it “in early days”.[10] HANA support for SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse was announced in September 2011 for availability by November.[11]

In 2012, SAP promoted aspects of cloud computing.[12] In October 2012, SAP announced a variant called HANA One that used a smaller amount of memory on Amazon Web Services for an hourly fee.[13]

In January 2013, SAP enterprise resource planning software from its Business Suite was announced for HANA, and became available by May.[14][15] In May 2013, a software as a service offering called the HANA Enterprise Cloud service was announced.[16]

Rather than versioning, the software utilizes service packs.[17]